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Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 1074-4762
  • E-ISSN: 1943-3069


Wilhelm laments the “inadequate and impoverished” orientation of teaching as telling—the simple transmission of information. He believes “effective teaching is about something entirely more complicated and wonderful: the creation of learning cultures that actively assist students not only toward … expertise, but also toward outgrowing their current selves as human beings.” In reading this issue’s articles, Wilhelm was struck by repeated motifs, which he has condensed into a heuristic he calls the 5 M’s: Materials, Methods, Measure, Monitors, and Malleability. He applies these characteristics to effective teaching and to learning outcomes, and believes that they can overcome “bad testing.” He says, “[They] had better. The stakes are high, and so is the challenge.”


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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